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AuthorsG. Zincone, T. Caponio
TitleImmigrant and immigration policy-making: the case of Italy
PublisherIMISCOE
PlaceAmsterdam
Title seriesWorking paper
Year2005
Institute/dept.FIERI - Forum Internazionale ed Europeo di Ricerche sull'Immigrazione
KeywordsPolicies local/national/international; Comparative theory/case studies
AbstractResearch into immigration in Italy began to gain ground in the mid-1980s, and at first was essentially concerned with inflow composition and entry into the labour market. As in other new immigration countries, the study of policy-making is at a recent stage, and only gained momentum in the late 1990s. However, as a product of a number of factors which will be analysed below, these studies have steadily developed and produced a considerable number of empirical accounts of decision-making and implementation of immigration policies in Italy.
This emerging literature will be reviewed in the present paper. In the first paragraph, we shall introduce some elements of the broader policy context con-cerning the evolution of migration flows towards Italy, as well as the main legisla-tion which has governed immigration since the mid-1980s. In the second para-graph, the main developments in the study of migration-related issues in Italy will be sketched, from first analyses of immigrants’ entry into the labour market to policy-making-oriented studies.
The third paragraph will be devoted to analysis of the existing Italian lit-erature on policy-making processes in immigration-related issues. For this purpose, we have focused on the three main levels of government at which decisions are made, i.e. the national, regional/local and European/supranational levels. In each sub-paragraph, special attention will be devoted to studies investigating multilevel governance relations, especially bottom-up relations, which include two types of perspective (Zincone & Caponio 2005): a) inputs from the lower to the upper levels, and b) inputs from civil society to the public arena.
Document typeReport
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