| Authors||G. Zincone, T. Caponio|
|Title||Immigrant and immigration policy-making: the case of Italy|
|Title series||Working paper|
|Institute/dept.||FIERI - Forum Internazionale ed Europeo di Ricerche sull'Immigrazione|
|Keywords||Policies local/national/international; Comparative theory/case studies|
|Abstract||Research into immigration in Italy began to gain ground in the mid-1980s, and at first was essentially concerned with inflow composition and entry into the labour market. As in other new immigration countries, the study of policy-making is at a recent stage, and only gained momentum in the late 1990s. However, as a product of a number of factors which will be analysed below, these studies have steadily developed and produced a considerable number of empirical accounts of decision-making and implementation of immigration policies in Italy.|
This emerging literature will be reviewed in the present paper. In the first paragraph, we shall introduce some elements of the broader policy context con-cerning the evolution of migration flows towards Italy, as well as the main legisla-tion which has governed immigration since the mid-1980s. In the second para-graph, the main developments in the study of migration-related issues in Italy will be sketched, from first analyses of immigrants’ entry into the labour market to policy-making-oriented studies.
The third paragraph will be devoted to analysis of the existing Italian lit-erature on policy-making processes in immigration-related issues. For this purpose, we have focused on the three main levels of government at which decisions are made, i.e. the national, regional/local and European/supranational levels. In each sub-paragraph, special attention will be devoted to studies investigating multilevel governance relations, especially bottom-up relations, which include two types of perspective (Zincone & Caponio 2005): a) inputs from the lower to the upper levels, and b) inputs from civil society to the public arena.
|Download paper|| document/39853|
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